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Frequent masonry problems

Cracked brick

CAUSES

The use of an inadequate mortar, poor drainage of water or the presence of vegetation near the wall leads to localized accumulation of water. When the wall fails to dry and is subjected to a freeze-thaw period, the brick is prone to bursting.

CONSEQUENCES

Since the waterproofing of a cracked brick is significantly reduced, the wall is therefore subject to water infiltration. In the long run, if the bricks are not repaired, water infiltration will cause other, much more serious masonry problems.

SOLUTION

  • In the case of an inadequate mortar: Replace the mortar with a mortar suitable for the wall and the cracked bricks with new bricks.
  • In the event of poor drainage: Establish an adequate gutter system that prevents water from accumulating and replace broken bricks with new bricks.
  • In the presence of vegetation: Remove vegetation and replace broken bricks with new bricks.
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Lexique

Allège: Pièce de ciment ou de pierre située au bas d’une fenêtre ou d’un vitrage.

Acier galvanisé: Acier recouvert d’une couche de zinc dans le but de le protéger contre la corrosion.

Chantepleure: Fente verticale pratiquée dans un mur pour l’écoulement des eaux et la ventilation de l’arrière du mur.

Crépi: Enduit de plâtre ou de mortier, non lissé, dont on revêt un mur ou une fondation.

Fer angle: Profilé en métal dont la section forme un L situé au haut d’une fenêtre ou d’un vitrage servant à supporter la charge de maçonnerie supérieure.

Joints: Espace entre les briques ou les pierres lié par du mortier.

Larmier: Rainure située sous une allège ou un chapeau de cheminée, qui a pour fonction d’éloigner l’eau de la surface du mur.

Linteau: Pièce de ciment,de pierre ou d’acier située au haut d’une fenêtre ou d’un vitrage servant à supporter la charge de maçonnerie supérieure.

Calfeutrant: Scellant pour les portes, fenêtres et tout autre revêtement.

Lexicon

Sill: Piece of cement or stone located at the bottom of a window or glazing.

Galvanized steel: Steel coated with a layer of zinc to protect it from corrosion.

Weeping: Vertical slit in a wall for drainage and ventilation of the back of the wall.

Plaster: Plaster or mortar plaster, not smoothed, with which one covers a wall or a foundation.

Angle iron: Metal profile with an L-shaped section located at the top of a window or glazing used to support the load of upper masonry.

Joints: Space between bricks or stones linked by mortar.

Drip edge: Groove located under a sill or a chimney cap, which has the function of moving water away from the wall surface.

Lintel: Piece of cement, stone or steel located at the top of a window or glazing used to support the load of upper masonry.

Caulking: Sealant for doors, windows and any other coating.